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WHAT IS A Concept car ?

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concept vehicle or show vehicle is a car made to showcase new styling and or new technology. They are often shown at motor shows to gauge customer reaction to new and radical designs which may or may not have a chance of being produced.
General Motors designer Harley Earl is generally credited with inventing the concept car, and did much to popularize it through its traveling Motorama shows of the 1950s.

Concept cars never go into production directly; in modern times all would have to undergo many changes before the design is finalized for the sake of practicality, safety and cost. A "production-intent" vehicle, as opposed to a concept vehicle, serves this purpose.
They are also known as prototype cars, but should not be confused with prototype race cars such as the Le Mans Prototype.

Concept cars are often radical in engine or design. Some use non-traditional, exotic, or expensive materials, ranging from paper to carbon fiber to refined alloys. Others have unique layouts, such asgullwing doors, 3 or 6 (or more) wheels, or special abilities not usually found on cars. Because of these often impractical or unprofitable leanings, many concept cars never get past scale models, or even drawings in computer design. Other more traditional concepts can be developed into fully drivable (operational) vehicles with a working drivetrain and accessories. The state of most concept cars lies somewhere in between and does not represent the final product. A very small proportion of concept cars are functional to any useful extent, some cannot move safely at anything above 10 mph.


Inoperative "mock-ups" are usually made of wax, clay, metal, fiberglass, plastic or a combination thereof.
If drivable, the drivetrain is often borrowed from a production vehicle from the same company, or may have defects and imperfections in design. They can also be quite refined, such asGeneral Motors' Cadillac Sixteen concept.
After a concept car's useful life is over, the cars are usually destroyed. Some survive, however, either in a company's museum or hidden away in storage. One unused but operational concept car that languished for years in the North Hollywood, California shop of car customizer George Barris, Ford Motor Company's "Lincoln Futura" from 1954, received a new lease on life as the Batmobile in theBatman series that debuted in 1966 on the ABC Television Network.

Notable concept cars

Buick Y-JobDesigned in the late 1930s by the famous General Motors designer Harley Earl. Considered by most to be the first concept car.
General Motors Le SabreBuilt by Harley Earl in 1951, it helped introduce 12 volt electrics and the aluminum 215 ci V8 to GM.
Cadillac CycloneBuilt in 1959, it is one of Harley Earl's last designs. Its futuristic styling was heavily influenced by 1950's aviation and rocketry.
Chevrolet Corvair Monza GT1962 mid-engined experimental prototype.
Chevrolet Corvette Mako SharkPreviewed the design of the 1968–1982 production Corvette.
Chevrolet VoltOne of the first plug-in hybrid electric vehicle concept cars.
Ford NucleonA nuclear-powered car.
Ford SYNusReflects the modern obsession with safety.
General Motors FirebirdA series of gas turbine-powered cars.
Holden EfijyBased around the Holden FJ, named the United States concept car of the year for 2007.
MIT CarThe Massachusetts Institute of Technology concept car with Frank Gehry.
Phantom CorsairA 1930s concept car, developed by Rust Heinz.
Pontiac Bonneville SpecialPontiac's first 2-seater sportscar that debuted at the 1954 Motorama.
Pontiac Club de MerPontiac's all stainless steel sportscar that debuted at the 1956 Motorama.
Porsche 989Porsche's first 4-door car, a predecessor of the Porsche Panamera.
Rolls-Royce 1EXThe first in a series of 'experimental models', the 1EX was built by Rolls Royce in 1919 on a 40/50 h.p. chassis to test and develop their cars. Individual EX models were produced for over 40 years ending with the 45EX in 1958
Volvo YCCThe first car designed entirely by women.
Lancia MegagammaThe prototype for the modern MPV (minivan).
Alfa Romeo BAT cars1950s aerodynamic studies by Bertone.
Chrysler ME Four-TwelveHad a top speed of 248 MPH.
Mercedes-Benz F700Its Pre-Scan feature allows you to not feel any bumps and humps on the road.
BMW GINAA fabric-skinned shape-shifting sports car.


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